Inside Outis a 2015 American 3D computer-animated comedy-drama film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures . Directed and co-written by Pete Docter , the film is set in the mind of a young girl, Riley Andersen (Kaitlyn Dias), where five personified emotions— Joy ( Amy Poehler ), Anger ( Lewis Black ), Disgust ( Mindy Kaling ), Fear ( Bill Hader ), and Sadness ( Phyllis Smith )—try to lead her through life as she moves with her parents ( Diane Lane and Kyle MacLachlan ) to a new city. The film was co-directed and co-written by Ronnie del Carmen and produced by Jonas Rivera , with music composed by Michael Giacchino .
Inside Outin 2009 after noticing changes in his daughter's personality as she grew older. The film's producers consulted numerous psychologists, including Dacher Keltnerfrom University of Berkeley , who helped revise the story emphasizing the neuropsychological findings that human emotions are mirrored in interpersonal relationships and can be significantly moderated by them.
After premiering at the 68th Cannes Film Festival in May,Inside Outwas released on June 19, 2015. It received universal critical acclaim, with many film critics praising the voice performances (particularly for Poehler, Smith, and Kind), its concept and poignant subject matter. The film grossed $90.4 million in its first weekend—the highest opening for an original title, bestingAvatar?'?s previous record.
The idea to have Riley play hockey came from Del Carmen, who noted that the sport is big in Minnesota. They tried to stray away from stereotypically "girly" interests, such as the color pink or dresses.Initial ideas for the film found the main character, Riley, falling into a deep depression. Docter later scrapped these ideas, as he felt they were inappropriate.
The story team attempted to create as much contrast with characters as possible.They found Joy the most complex character to write for, as she illustrates a broad range of "happy feelings".The earliest idea present in the final film is that Joy holds onto youth too long, setting about a "social storm" for Riley.It was not until several screenings later that they came upon the concept of moving to a new place, which created an external conflict that made the story easier to write. Initially, this crisis was to be set at a Thanksgiving Day pageant, in which Riley was hoping to be cast as its lead role, the turkey. Docter later deemed this idea too "bizarre" and it was replaced.
The character of Bing Bong—a discarded old imaginary friend—came about in one draft of the film as part of a refugee camp inside Riley's mind.It was difficult to achieve the correct tone for the film; for example, viewers could not be distracted by Joy's nature or feel negative about the mess she helps steer Riley into.Rivera credited the casting of Amy Poehler, in addition to the idea of moving, with helping the film find the right tone.
He decided to replace Fear with Sadness, which he felt is crucial to renewal. He met with Rivera and Del Carmen that night to explain his change of plans, and to his surprise, they reacted positively to it. At the screening, he informed his superiors that new plans for the film were in order. Although a "scary moment", the film remained in production.
Michael Arndt worked for a year on the film's script, calling it "both a brilliantly creative idea but also incredibly challenging," but left the project in early 2011, adding that "knowing the Pixar process, there may not be a single word [I wrote] that remains in the final script! They’ve had writers work on it since then."